Manifesto for a European Green New Deal

Manifesto for a European Green New Deal
Manifesto for a European Green New Deal

Despite its limitations, the European Union  has guaranteed the highest levels of peace, security, prosperity, rights and freedom in the history of the European continent. It is a unique model of peaceful and successful sharing of sovereignty for the common good. However, today Europe is not sufficiently equipped to face the biggest global challenge of our time – climate change.

Without a faster, deeper and fairer transformation of all human activity - to prepare for impacts and reduce greenhouse gas emissions - it will be impossible to maintain a stable and viable environment, which is  the necessary condition for a prosperous and safe life. Already, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has reached unprecedented levels. Extreme weather events are on the rise, along with potentially irreversible processes, such as desertification, rising sea levels and the risk of extinction of entire terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The science is clear: there is no more time to postpone the ecological transformation.

Climate change is already generating significant social and economic disruption. It is deeply linked to the key challenges shaping the future of the European Union, from migration to inequality, from the future of work to trust in institutions. All of which can only be peacefully resolved through more European and international cooperation. To maintain wellbeing and safeguard a just, prosperous future for all European citizens in a climate changed world, the new European Parliament and European Commission must commit to developing and implementing a European Green New Deal, the biggest transformation of the European economy and society since the Marshall Plan.

The European Green New Deal encompasses a vision of a social and sustainable European democracy that does not separate the problem of climate change from those of society. It aims to carrying out an ecological transformation – both inside and outside European borders – that is fair and grounded in science. Climate change requires a new ecological social contract between citizens, businesses and institutions. The European system must address environmental, economic and social challenges together and offer solutions that produce sustainable and distributed wellbeing to reduce inequalities and protect citizens from the negative impact of the transformation.

The manifesto of Clima Europa sets out ten principles and actions for the future of Europe:

1. Invest in a secure and sustainable future

The new European long-term strategy must aim to: 

  • Achieve net-zero emissions by 2045 to limit global temperature increase by 1.5 degrees
  • Reduce European emissions by at least 55% by 2030
  • Phase out coal by 2030
  • Deliver 100% clean electricity by 2040
  • Make energy savings of at least 50% by 2030 relative to the current energy use of all European buildings, industrial complexes and transport systems through massive investments in energy efficiency – all public investments in energy efficiency must not be accounted as a new debt
  • Promote knowledge and debate on climate change in all European schools and universities through more dedicated resources and initiatives

2. Build a fair and ecological financial system

Finance must go back to serve people and businesses through a set of reforms, including:

  • Phasing out all European public support to fossil fuels within the next 5 years
  • Identifying the level of investment needed to implement the European Green New Deal
  • Making the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures mandatory for all public and private economic activities
  • Introducing a socially just CO2 tax – in parallel to the existing ETS price – with revenues allocated to (i) a "Just Transition Fund” to support the creation of alternative opportunities for workers affected by the technological transformation, strengthen social protection measures and promote new employment through the reduction of the tax wedge, and (ii) a "Energy poverty fund" for the energy efficiency renovation of homes of low income households

3. Promote a circular economy

We need to change the linear production and consumption patterns based on high consumption of resources and energy. This change is necessary to save and use resources more efficiently as well as to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. This should be achieved through:

  • Promoting circular models for the prolonged use, reuse, shared use and recycling of products, components and technical materials, and for the circular management of organic ones, including returning them to the soil
  • Investing in research and development for the design of industries and infrastructure in line with the principles of the circular economy, the long-term climate goals and for supporting the industrial transition of declining or decommissioned areas

4. Keep it in the ground

  • Implement a moratorium of new exploration and drilling licenses for the production of fossil fuels across the European territory by 2020​​​​​

5. Protect against climate impacts for a resilient and fair transition

  • Adaptation to climate change, prevention and resilience should be at the core of all EU policies. This should be achieved through​​​​ assigning political responsibility of climate risk management to the First Vice President and its implementation to the Secretariat of the European Commission. This will ensure sufficient political mandate and integration at all levels
  • Support the development – together with all social, economic, national and local forces – of social protection plans for the communities most affected and vulnerable to technological and industrial change

6. Ensure safe and sustainable mobility for all

  • End the sale of diesel and petrol vehicles by 2035
  • Provide incentives for both public and private electric mobility, including developing the charging infrastructure and introducing clean air zones in urban centres
  • Increase pedestrian, cycling and shared mobility as well as ecological public transport

7. Ensure clean air for all

  • Reach air pollution levels in line with the guidelines of the World Health Organization in all European cities by 2030 through the decarbonisation of transport, heating and industry
  • Identify 100 European cities to be real-life laboratories of deep transformation and innovation

8. Rethink agriculture and food

  • Support higher ambitions for climate mitigation and adaptation in the common agricultural policy with a priority focus on sustainable water management, the protection and recovery of soil, and biodiversity
  • Promote a more balanced and sustainable diet to reduce emissions, its water impact along the food production chain, and safeguard terrestrial and marine ecosystems

9. Free seas and oceans from plastics 

The pollution of our seas and oceans is a global emergency that must be tackled with more adequate and stronger measure, in particular through:

  • Eliminating microplastics within different products and disposable plastics and replace it with biodegradable products
  • Sanctioning the illegal disposal of waste and plastics in rivers and seas and delivering effective information and education campaigns
  • At least 80% of the plastics entering consumption by 2030 should come from collected and recycled plastics. We need more initiatives to identify, collect and start recycling plastics at the river mouths, and to collect those available in the seas, including through a strengthened collaboration with fishermen

10. A new foreign policy that puts the implementation of the Paris Agreement at the heart of international relations

From trade to cooperation and development to global security, we need a stronger and more organized European diplomacy that:

  • Supports all countries – from the big emitters, like China and India, to fossil fuel producing countries and the most vulnerable countries – to increase climate action and to manage effectively the forced movement of people and the emergence of new conflicts or the aggravation of existing ones
  • Promotes a set of reforms at the United Nations in order to equip them with the tools needed to manage the transformation brought about by climate change. Its accountability system should be reviewed and the understanding and dissemination of information on climate impacts improved, including on the risks for peace-keeping, rights and global security